There are no surviving records of Tutankhamun’s final days. What caused Tutankhamun’s death has been the subject of considerable debate. Major studies have been conducted in an effort to establish the cause of death.
Although there is some speculation that Tutankhamun was assassinated, the consensus is that his death was accidental. A CT scan taken in 2005 shows that he had badly broken his leg shortly before his death, and that the leg had become infected. DNA analysis conducted in 2010 showed the presence of malaria in his system. It is believed that these two conditions (malaria) combined, led to his death.On September 14, 2012, ABC News did an article on a new theory about Tutankhamun’s death with information coming from a lecturer and surgeon named Dr. Hutan Ashrafian who believed that temporal lobe epilepsy caused the fatal fall which broke Tutankhamun’s leg.
With the death of Tutankhamun and the two stillborn children buried with him, the Thutmosid family line came to an end. The Amarna letters indicate that Tutankhamun’s wife, recently widowed, wrote to the Hittite king Suppiluliuma I, asking if she could marry one of his sons. The letters do not say how Tutankhamun died. In the message to the Hittite king, Ankhesenamun says that she was very afraid, but would not take one of her own people as husband. Shortly afterward Ay married Tutankhamun’s widow and became Pharaoh as a war between the two countries was fought, and Egypt was left defeated. The fate of Ankhesenamun is not known, but she disappears from record and Ay’s second wife Tey became Great Royal Wife. After Ay’s death, Horemheb usurped the throne and instigated a campaign of damnatio memoriae against him. Tutankhamun’s father Akhenaten, stepmother Nefertiti, his wife Ankhesenamun, half sisters and other family members were also included. Not even Tutankhamun was spared. His images and cartouches were also erased. Horemheb himself was left childless. He also found the Ramesside family line of pharaohs.